Comportamento/Economia/Política/Uncategorized

A relação entre crime e imigração nos EUA

Donald Trump estava no poder há poucos dias quando tocou em um dos assuntos atuais que considera mais importantes: a imigração. Ao se dirigir ao povo americano ele, já como presidente, disse:

“[Imigrantes] estão sendo arremessados aos milhares em nossas comunidades, sem nenhum cuidado com o impacto que trazem à segurança pública. Vamos construir uma boa parede na fronteira para parar a imigração ilegal, parar as gangues e a violência, parar o derrame de drogas em nossas comunidades”.

Em seguida assinou decreto que permite deportar imigrantes acusados de cometer delito.

O site Theconversation decidiu ir buscar pesquisas que confirmassem a associação entre imigração e criminalidade, e eis o que eles encontraram.

Segundo os pesquisadores Robert Adelman, da universidade de Buffalo, e Lesley Reid, da universidade do Alabama, estudos dos últimos 20 anos não mostram nenhuma verdade na declaração de Trump.

Imigrantes, de acordo com as pesquisas, cometem menos crimes do que aqueles nascidos nos Estados Unidos.

Mais: Para casos de assassinato, furto, roubo e estelionato, quanto maior o número de imigrantes em uma comunidade menor passa a ser a taxa de crimes.

Já o pesquisador Charis E. Kubrin, da Universidade da California, diz que pesquisas feitas nos últimos dez anos indicam que cidades e bairros com maior concentração de imigrantes têm menos taxa de crimes e de violência do que outras.

A imigração, portanto, é benéfica quando o assunto é criminalidade, o oposto do que pregam Trump e sua gangue de racistas.

Trata-se, na verdade, de uma tática antiga essa de eleger um inimigo que passe por responsável por causar os males que na verdade são gerados por um sistema econômico que não funciona mais.

Já foi feito antes na história recente, com resultados humanitários catastróficos e dilacerantes.

Mas quando a imprensa apenas repete as palavras de Trump sem confrontá-las aberta e escandalosamente elas passam a ser mentiras vestidas de verdade, e o cidadão comum, atolado em dívidas, exausto, desesperado e sedento por uma salvação, acredita que talvez a culpa pela vida miserável que leva seja mesmo do imigrante.

Os resultados das pesquisas que revelam a cruel e covarde mentira de Trump podem ser lidos aqui.

 

3 pensamentos sobre “A relação entre crime e imigração nos EUA

  1. Pingback: A relação entre crime e imigração nos EUA « Associação Rumos

  2. Donald Trump’s stance on immigration policy – My Visa Source website: http://www.myvisasource.com

    US President Donald Trump has prepared a new presidential decree to stop immigrants from six Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States. Its first initiative in January, preventing citizens of seven countries (Iraq, Syria, Iran, Yemen, Somalia, Sudan and Libya) from joining the country for 120 days was barred by US courts.

    The new decree, valid for 90 days, issued March 6, exempted Iraq and who had received a green card or a visa to date. Despite these smoothing, it is as unconstitutional, illegal, and immoral as the previous one. It remains to be seen whether the checks and balances of the United States institutions will work again.

    The president also ordered the construction of the wall on the border with Mexico to begin, and a series of other administrative measures began to be implemented to make it difficult to obtain visas for the United States and to enter the country, such as the hiring of 5,000 new agents Of frontier and 10 thousand inspectors of customs and immigration, the feared “migrates”.

    The wall, for example, in addition to preventing illegal entry into the United States, is also intended to prevent immigrants from physically contacting immigration agents to seek asylum, because under US law, if the petitioner has minimal grounds for seeking refuge, Deported until a judicial decision has been taken.

    Another measure under study is to separate mothers from their children when entire families are detained at the border and are waiting to be deported. The goal is to create insecurity about what might happen to children to discourage mothers from making further unauthorized entry attempts.

    Trump turned the immigration issue into a government program because it was his xenophobic preaching and supposedly advocate of jobs for US workers during the election campaign that gave him the victory by attracting the votes of white workers in industrial states like Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania And Wisconsin, who traditionally voted for Democrat candidates, but now, out of fear of unemployment, voted Republican. They will again be an important element for the same reason when Trump claims re-election in 2020.

    In the electoral campaign, the main targets were the potential Muslim immigrants and the Mexican ones. The first by the supposed threat to US security, although from 2006 to date, 650,000 Syrian, Iranian, Yemeni, Somali, Sudanese and Libyan citizens have come to the United States and there is no news of any involvement of any of them with terrorist or similar acts. Mexicans were targeted for allegedly running the jobs with the Americans.

    Not to mention that the United States, the world’s largest power, was erected on the basis of European, African and Chinese migration, the current reality of its immigration does not justify xenophobic fears. Trump’s rhetoric only serves to deceive the ignorant and prejudiced as evidenced by the following data.

    In fact, 62% of the US population is against the construction of the wall on the border with Mexico and 35% is in favor. It is worth remembering, however, that some unions were enthusiastic about the announcement that the president would be pressing companies like Ford not to open new units in Mexico and keep them in the United States, as well as his decision to build a pipeline to Canada, Which had been canceled by Obama due to environmental controversy.

    Mexican immigration to the United States has declined, while that of other origins has grown. The number of Mexicans accounted for 54 percent of undocumented immigrants in 2007 and fell to 52 percent in 2009. Nearly 60 percent of them live in only six states: California, Texas, Florida, New York, New Jersey, and Illinois, and approximately two-thirds live In the US for more than 10 years, while only 7% arrived less than five years ago, compared to 22% from other sources.

    Of the total number of immigrants in the US, 63% are Mexican, 10% are Puerto Ricans, 3.8% are from El Salvador, 3.7% are Cubans, 3% are Dominicans, 2.3% are Guatemalans, and 14.2% are from several Other origins, including Brazilians.

    Latin American and Caribbean immigration to the United States is mainly due to armed conflicts such as the civil wars of the 1970s and 1980s in Central America, economic crises and natural disasters such as hurricanes typical of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. In the case of certain countries, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala, immigration has become an important source of foreign exchange. For example, Salvadorans living in the United States represent one in five of the country’s inhabitants and have remitted about $ 4.3 billion home by 2015, nearly 3% more than in the previous year and equivalent to 17% of El Salvador’s GDP Savior.

    A new phenomenon that is worrying the human rights area is the number of unaccompanied children – by convention, under the age of 20 – who try to immigrate to the United States.

    For example, in the first six months of the fiscal year 2016, 32,117 families were accompanied by children on the US border, as well as 27,754 unaccompanied children, of which 9,383 were Guatemalan, 7,914 were Salvadoran, and 4,224 were Honduran. One can imagine the risks to which they underwent to cross Guatemala and Mexico, not to mention the difficulties to cross the border itself and the problem of return after the deportations.

    Trump’s policy has generated tensions and fears among the 11.1 million undocumented immigrants in the US, in particular, 3.7 million of those who have children born in that country, and therefore US citizens who can not be expelled, but who May be separated from the parents if they are deported, and given to institutions or foster parents generating additional dramas.

    Another problem is what would mean the return from the economic, social and political point of view, as well as the impact on labor markets in the countries of origin of all undocumented immigrants from Central America, the Caribbean and even for countries like Brazil , Which currently has an unemployment rate of more than 12%.

    Immigration, albeit erratic, over the years has been an outlet for the economy and demography of countries like El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, and Cuba. The sudden return of these immigrants would generate a crisis of multiple dimensions difficult to solve in the short and medium term in the current world situation of deep crisis.

    Migration issues are part of the challenges presented by a changing global scenario in which Donald Trump’s election to the United States presidency is a clear watershed for international relations in general and for Latin America as well, in particular.

    Curtir

Deixe um comentário

Preencha os seus dados abaixo ou clique em um ícone para log in:

Logotipo do WordPress.com

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta WordPress.com. Sair / Alterar )

Imagem do Twitter

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Twitter. Sair / Alterar )

Foto do Facebook

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Facebook. Sair / Alterar )

Foto do Google+

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Google+. Sair / Alterar )

Conectando a %s